GLOSSARY

Anchorage

A component/structure to which a full-body fall arrest harness (FBH) is attached to the tree trunk.

Arm Rest

A designated area or structure where the user may rest their arms during use.

Cambuckle Straps

A combination of two straps and a buckle mechanism. One strap has the buckle mechanism on one end. The other strap feeds through the buckle mechanism. The strap can be pulled through the buckle in one direction (to tighten the strap). To release the strap, the buckle mechanism must be pressed to release pressure on the strap and allows the strap to slide through. Cam buckle straps are used for many purposes including securing a stand or climbing aids to the tree, or securing tree braces/stabilizer bars to the tree, etc.

Climbing Aid

A wide array of devices have been designed that allow you to climb the tree. Climbing aids are used in conjunction with hang-on (fixed-position) treestands. Some examples of climbing aids are: stacking steps, screw-in steps, sectional ladders, and stick ladders.

Climbing Belt

A strap/belt (or system of straps) which is fastened about the person in a manner so as to contain the torso and stabilize the users horizontal load while either working from a vertical position to attach treestands, climbing devices, and so forth, or during ascent/descent of tree or ladder. A FBH may be constructed to additionally serve this function.

Climbing Stick

A device to assist climbing a tree primarily to a fixed position treestand. A structure that is secured to the tree and allows the user to support his weight and climb to the desired height on the tree.

Connecting Hardware

Includes snap hooks, D-rings, carabineers, links, anchorage hardware, and buckles. Any hardware that connects the fall-arrest system components in series, thus creating a linear linkage along which the maximum arrest force (MAF) acts.

Continuous Climbing Stick

A device or aide to assist climbing a tree primarily to a fixed position treestand. A continuous interconnected ladder that is secured to the tree and allows the user to support his weight and climb to the desired height on the tree.

Elevated Position

Being in a position above ground level.

Expiration Date

Every product has an expiration date which is usually shown on the label. When a product has passed its expiration date, the product should be replaced. Sometimes individual components such as ratchet straps can be replaced. Consult the manufacturer’s instruction manual or contact the manufacturer if you have any questions.

Fixed Position, Hang-On or Non-Climbing Treestand

Treestand that is secured to the tree at the elevation where it is used. (The user usually ascends the tree by some means and then lifts the treestand to the desired position and secures it for use.)

Foot Rest

A designated area or structure where the user may rest their feet during use.

Full-Body Fall Arrest Harness (Aftermarket)

A full-body fall arrest harness system offered for sale which does not come standard with a treestand. Aftermarket harnesses typically offer more features and potential accessory options over OEM harness systems.

Full-Body Fall Arrest Harness (OEM)

A treestand and/or treestand component manufacturer provided full-body fall arrest harness.

Full-Body Fall Arrest System

A potential life-saving device which comprises of a system that is assembled for the purpose of arresting an accidental fall of its user. A FAS consists of a full body harness, tether (sometimes referred to as a “lanyard”), anchorage means (i.e., “tree belt”), suspension relief device and in some instances, depending on treestand style, linemen’s or climbing belt.

Full-Body Harness

Component with a design of straps that is fastened about the person in a manner so as to contain the torso and distribute the fall arrest forces over at least the upper thighs, pelvis, chest, and shoulders, with means for attaching it to other components or subsystems.

Ground Level

Being on, or standing on the ground.

Gun Rest

A designated area or structure where a user may rest and/or steady their firearm during use.

Haul Line/Pull-Up Rope

A simple rope or strap that is attached to a treestand or tripod stand on one end and the other end is left hanging to the ground. A haul line is used to raise and lower various equipment from the stand location such as a firearm, backpack, bow, climbing aids, stick ladders, etc.

Homemade Stand

Any stand that is not made in a standardized and tested manufacturing facility. Homemade Stands are dangerous! Never use a homemade stand or homemade steps for any reason!

Lanyard

A component consisting of a flexible strap, rope, or wire rope for connecting a component such as a FBH directly or indirectly to an anchorage.

Leg Straps

That portion of the full-body fall arrest harness which wraps around the legs.

Lineman’s Style Climbing Belt

A strap or rope (belt) which connects to the left and right side of a full body harness. The lineman’s style climbing belt goes around the tree to aid in climbing, and installing Hang-on (fixed-position) stands. The lineman’s style climbing belt is used in conjunction with a full-body fall arrest harness system which is attached to the tree.

Man-Made Treestands/Structures

Can be any structure made by man, including: power generation equipment, telephone/power poles, manmade columns or structures. Do not use any stand on or near any manmade structures.

Manufacturer’s Instructions

Every product comes with a written set of instructions. These instructions contain critical information on how to safely assemble, install, and use the product. You must keep these instructions the entire time you own the stand and pass it on to others who borrow or purchase the stand. The instructions should be reviewed at least annually.

Manufacturer’s Warnings

Every manufacturer has issued warnings related to using their equipment above ground level. These warnings are contained in the manufacturer’s instruction manual and other specific locations, depending upon the type of product.

Maximum Arrest Force

The maximum force acting on the body at the instant of an arrest of its free fall. Multiple user rated capacity (MUR), the maximum load capacity, not to be exceeded, of a treestand, tripod or tower stand as determined by the manufacturer for simultaneous multiple users.

Maximum Rated Capacity

The maximum load capacity, not to be exceeded, of a treestand, harness, climbing stick, tripod, or tower stand as determined by the manufacturer.

Ratchet Straps

A combination of two straps and a ratchet mechanism that winds the strap through the middle of the ratchet barrel and around itself as you tighten the ratchet. You must have a minimum of two (2) wraps of strapping around the barrel to prevent the strap from slipping. Ratchet straps are used for many purposes including securing a stand or climbing aids to the tree, or securing tree braces/stabilizer bars to the tree.

Rated Capacity

The maximum load capacity, not to be exceeded, of a treestand, climbing stick, tripod, or tower stand as determined by the manufacturer.

Screw-In Steps

Usually made of a metal bar that is threaded on one end and are screwed into a tree to create hand and stepping points for climbing a tree. Screw-in steps are used in conjunction with hang-on (fixed position) treestands. A lineman’s style climbing belt and full body fall arrest harness system must be used at all times when climbing, installing, or un-installing stick ladders and hang on stands.

Seating Platform

A platform the user sits on when occupying a treestand.

Sectional Climbing Stick

A device or aide to assist climbing a tree primarily to a fixed position treestand. Consists of multiple independent ladder sections that are secured to the tree and allow the user to support his weight and climb to the desired height on the tree.

Sectional Ladder

Shorter ladder sections that connect together to form a longer ladder section that is attached to the tree by straps or other connection methods. All sections must be securely connected and installed according to the manufacturer’s instructions. Sectional ladders are used in conjunction with hang-on (fixed-position) treestands. A lineman’s style climbing belt and full body fall arrest harness system must be used at all times when climbing, installing, or uninstalling stick ladders and hang on stands.

Self-Rescue Device

A device that allows the user (without assistance from others) to get safely to the ground after a fall from a treestand while wearing a full-body fall arrest harness system. These devices are controlled either automatically or manually by the user.

Shock Absorbers

A component used to reduce/absorb the energy gained by the user of the FAS when falling.

Shoulder Straps

That portion of the full-body fall arrest harness which wraps over the shoulders.

Signal Device

Can be any device that enables the user to alert others for help. Examples include, but are not limited to, a mobile phone, radio, whistle, signal flare or personal locator device.

Signs of Wear

Any indication of damage that could be caused by a wide range of things including the outdoor elements, sun, freezing temperatures, aging equipment, animals, tree growth, etc. Some examples are: cracking, torn fibers, looseness, fading, etc.

Stabilization Devices

Any device designed to help stabilize and secure a stand or component to a tree. Examples for treestands are: 1) ratchet straps; 2) cambuckle straps; 3) chains; 4) stabilizer bars; 5) tree braces; etc. Examples for tripod stands are: stakes, stabilizing ropes, and diagonal beams.

Stacking Steps

Short ladder segments that are attached to the tree using straps or other connection methods. Stacking step segments typically do not connect to each other, but are instead spaced vertically on the tree to create a taller, segmented ladder. Individual ladder segments should be spaced no more than 18-inches apart. Stacking steps are used in conjunction with hang-on (fixed-position) treestands. A lineman’s style climbing belt and full body fall arrest harness system must be used at all times when climbing, installing, or uninstalling stick ladders and hang on stands.

Standing Platform

A platform the user stands on when occupying a treestand.

Stick Ladder

A long ladder section that is attached to the tree by straps or other connection methods. Stick ladders are used in conjunction with hang-on (fixed-position) treestands. A lineman’s style climbing belt and full body fall arrest harness system must be used at all times when climbing, installing, or uninstalling stick ladders and hang on stands.

Supporting Chains

Some stands use chains to secure the stand to the tree. The chain typically connects from one side of the stand, around the tree and back to the other side of the stand. Follow the manufacturer’s instructions for installation and use.

Suspension Relief Device

Device to allow relief of a person’s weight on the lower extremities if suspended in a harness or allow the user to descend to the ground. The device is to help maintain circulation in the legs and help prevent suspension trauma (blood pooling).

Suspension Trauma

If you hang suspended in a harness, the circulation in your legs will be restricted which causes blood pooling in the legs. Suspension trauma can be fatal! You must get back into your treestand or get back down to the ground as soon as possible. If you cannot, you must use a suspension relief device and do other forms of continuous leg exercises until help arrives.

Tether Strap

A strap that connects your harness to the tree belt. The tree belt should be adjusted to eye-level or above when standing and the tether (also sometimes referred to as the “lanyard”) strap should have no slack in the tether when sitting.

Thigh/Leg Straps

The straps, which are integrated with the buttock strap (optional) and are routed from back to front across the groin area or loop around the upper part of the thigh.

TMA

The Treestand Manufacturer’s Association (TMA) is a nonprofit trade association that specifically devotes its resources to promoting treestand safety through education. It endeavors to improve treestand safety with the support of its members and also by fostering relationships with organizations having similar goals. Their website address is www.tmastands.org.

Tree Bar

Typically a serrated or toothed bar which comes in contact with the tree trunk which mechanically grabs the tree trunk once the cam buckle and/or ratchet straps (i.e., “attachment means”) are installed.

Tree Belt

A strap that wraps around the trunk of the tree, from which you attach your tether strap. The tree belt should be adjusted to eye level or above when standing and the tether strap should have no slack in the tether when sitting.

Treestand

A device designed to support a hunter on an elevated platform that is attached to a tree. treestands are designed to give a hunter an elevated viewpoint advantage while hunting. A full-body fall arrest harness system must be worn when using any treestand.

User

The consumer or end user of the manufactured product.

Vest Style Harness

A vest that has a Full Body Harness incorporated into the vest. If you use a vest style harness, make sure it meets industry standards recognized by TMA.

Waist Belt

That portion of the full-body fall arrest harness which wraps around the waist.